mullaperiyar dam, first dam in kerala across river periyar
Mullaperiyar is the first dam in kerala located in idukki district, along with western ghats. mullaperiyar dam is built over the largest river periyar in kerala. this masonry gravity dam is located 881 above from sea level. the dam is situated near to thekkady. thekkady and idukki is popular for tourist attraction by its scenic beauty. the construction of the dam is initiated in 1887 and it completed in 1895, john peenikuick is the architect of mullaperiyar dam during the period of sreemoolam thirunal in travancore kingdom. mullapperiyar dam was inaugurated by lord venlock on 11 october 1895. the statue of john penikuick is situated at theni in tamilanadu state.
The dam is situated in the middle of coffee and tea plantations at thekkadi. the water supply from the water of mullaperiyar dam is also provides for tamilnadu, actually there is an issue between kerala and tamilandu for sharing the water of mullaperiyar dam. the height of the dam is about 54 meter and 1200 feet long. an artificial reservoir formed after the construction of the dam is very apt for boating, many people choose this place for boating when they visit the dam and near places of mullaperiyar dam. the lake and the dam is very adjacent to periyar tiger reserve.
when you got a chance to visit mullaperiyar you must plan a trip for periyar wildlife sanctuary to see the tigers.
the tunnels from mullaperiyar dam carries water from reservoir to tamilnadu through western ghats, for farming, drinking and irrigation purposes. the origin of the river is from shivagiri mala from tamilnadu. the nearest railway station is aluva at a distance of 150 km via NH 185. you can easily reach at the nearest airport at cochi via NH 183, 160 km away from the destination.